|Jawhar was a European mamluk of Greek origin||2007 , , in Hefner, Robert W|
|The Great Ismaili heroes: contains the life sketches and the works of thirty great Ismaili figures||Blair, Sheila 2000 , , in Tracy, James D|
Arab historians called these Western Byzantines as Rumis , in the sense he was brought as a slave to Qayrwan, the then capital of the Fatimids in the North Western Africa.16
|1959 , The Muslim Architecture of Egypt II, Ayyubids and Early Bahrite Mamluks, A||2006 , , in Harrison, Lawrence E|
|Khan Cology Religious Night School|
Bloom, Jonathan 2007 , "Ceremonial and Sacred Space in Early Fatimid Cairo", in Bennison, Amira K.