However, the disparity of growth between advanced nations and the third-world countries led to a digital divide that is still a concern today This led to the application of packet switching to develop a protocol for internetworking, where multiple different networks could be joined together into a super-framework of networks
Investor speculation in new markets provided by these innovations would also lead to the inflation and subsequent collapse of the Dot-com bubble Additionally, public access and hobbyist networking systems grew in popularity, including unix-to-unix copy UUCP and FidoNet

This includes the rise of near instant communication by electronic mail e-mail , text based discussion forums, and the World Wide Web.

«هلا بنور الفجر»..أيقونة غنائية تردد صداها عربياً
They were however still disjointed separate networks, served only by limited gateways between networks
أفضل قصائد كتبها الشيخ زايد آل نهيان رحمه الله
But despite this, the Internet continues to grow, driven by commerce, greater amounts of online information and knowledge and social networking known as Web 2
1 that led to the Internet, most communication networks were limited by their nature to only allow communications between the stations on the local network and the prevalent computer networking method was based on the central mainframe computer model Following commercialization and introduction of privately run Internet service providers in the 1980s, and the Internet's expansion for popular use in the 1990s, the Internet has had a drastic impact on culture and commerce
This spread of internetworking began to form into the idea of a global network that would be called the Internet, based on standardized protocols officially implemented in 1982 These research efforts included those of the laboratories of Donald Davies NPL , Paul Baran RAND Corporation , and Leonard Kleinrock at MIT and at UCLA

History of the Internet From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Commemorative plaque listing some of the early Internet pioneersBefore the wide spread of internetworking 802.

زايد بن سلطان آل نهيان
Several research programs began to explore and articulate principles of networking between physically separate networks, leading to the development of the packet switching model of digital networking
كلمات أريام
By defining a simple common network system, the Internet Protocol Suite, the concept of the network could be separated from its physical implementation
كلمات أغنية ياهلا بنور الفجر
The research led to the development of several packet-switched networking solutions in the late 1960s and 1970s, including ARPANET and the X