"The Origins of the English Hospital" As such, many of the practicing physicians of the Middle Ages were also clergy
, Mending Bodies, Saving Souls: A History of Hospitals, , 1999 , p The inner ring served as a place where the monastic community could care for the sick, the poor and the infirm

"The Hospital in the Enlightenment," in The Medical World of Early Modern France Oxford UP, 1997 , pp.

المستشفى الجامعي شعار Png
"Hospital History in Canada and the United States," Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, 1990, Vol
From Western Medicine to Global Medicine: The Hospital Beyond the West 2008• Arjuna Aluvihare, "Rohal Kramaya Lovata Dhayadha Kale Sri Lankikayo" Vidhusara Science Magazine, November 1993
المستشفى الجامعي
Although physicians were available in varying capacities in ancient Rome and Athens, the institution of a hospital dedicated to the care of the sick was a distinctly Christian innovation rooted in the monastic virtue and practise of hospitality
Wagstaff Health service delivery in China: a literature review Health Economics, 17 2008 , pp 7 Issue 1, pp 93—104• The outer ring of buildings served as a hostel in which travellers were received and boarded
Nagamia, [Islamic Medicine History and Current practise], 2003 , p American Catholic Hospitals: A Century of Changing Markets and Missions Rutgers University Press, 2011

James Edward McClellan and Harold Dorn, Science and Technology in World History: An Introduction Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006 , p.

المستشفى الجامعي
Mending Bodies, Saving Souls: A History of Hospitals 1999 ; world coverage• "The British National Health Service 1948—2008: A Review of the Historiography," Social History of Medicine, December 2008, Vol
قناة نسمة التونسية
Mending bodies, saving souls: a history of hospitals
المستشفى الجامعي شعار Png
, "Rise and Spread of Islam 622—1500: Science, Technology, Health", World Eras,